Wednesday, 21 December 2011

Whale digged up for display

A ten meters long whale buried in the ground for 8 years, only recently dug up the skeleton. December 21, reporters from Qingdao Underwater World aquarium staff was informed, this whale was buried in the ground around 2003, and recently cleared, now frozen in the whale skeleton specimen plant, the next step will be the bone specimen preparation. Reporters learned that Qingdao has produced a large number of marine scientific research organization specializing in biological specimens, and has developed a sophisticated production methods. Found in domestic large-scale coastal fishing marine animals, the majority of the specimens in Qingdao processing plant into a specimen. December 21, the reporter came to the country's largest marine life marine life Chinese Academy of Sciences Herbarium Herbarium, visit the large specimens of marine animals production process. A question why the whale buried in the ground for eight years?   Reporters came to Qingdao Underwater World hospital, near the side of the building there is a wide and 56 meters, 20 meters long, 6 meters deep pit, excavators and forklifts together into battle, several workers were cleaning up stones .   "A few days ago, workers dug up the whale bones from the inside, on the road, full of it, has been dug over the past two days." Staff side, said there was originally a flat in 2003, Qingdao Underwater World opening, have been buried underground a whale, wait for it to rot prepare specimens. "Why would we buried eight years?" Aquarium staff, "in the production of bone specimens before the whale must be skimmed. Buried in the ground, you can let it rot, easy to make." It is understood that large specimens of marine animals in the production , generally have adopted the way buried, "one to two years can rot, can be dug out skeletons made ​​of." IOCAS Museum Wangguan Zhang introduced biological specimens. "Does have some long-buried eight years, and buried for too long, very easy for bone black."   This underground "sleeping" eight years of whale more than ten meters long, has now been transported to the bone at the Shazikou specimen plant for frozen specimens will be made ​​later.   Museum specimens of marine life in the Chinese Academy of Sciences, the reporter saw the production of two different forms of shark specimens. Institute of Marine Biology Herbarium has 776,000 kinds of biological specimens, is the largest marine life museum specimens.   These large marine biological specimens are collected from where? Herbarium of Wang Guanchang introduction, "are generally as large national marine conservation of marine life, and now the majority of marine scientific research by the manufacture. These samples are generally sent through the post-harvest fisheries sector here."   The specimens made ​​there are many: the Herbarium, the reporter saw the specimens made ​​of shark skin, but also saw the bone specimens. According to Wang Guanchang introduction, there is a liquid sample, the shark immersed in a glass filled with alcohol products in. "Not only can watch biological molecules can also be analyzed." specimen B a whale can be leather, bone two specimens  of an approximately 6 m "minke whale" skeleton specimen placed in the Institute of Museum specimens of marine life, this whales are shipped over from Shazikou, was arrested in 2003, groan, buried on the beach one and a half, 2005 to dig post-processing. "It's a whale can be made ​​into two samples. Whale fat thickness, peel off the skin first, then meat skeleton buried in the ground, waiting for rotting skeleton specimens after manufacture."   Reporters found that this "minke whale" by nearly a block composed of large and small bones, the four pillars supporting the "Tour" in the air, the absence of the abdomen under the body of the bone adhesion, is a piece of wire hanging. The bones were iron and nails together, the skull was a huge pillars stand up. The entire skeleton of color white, the above is also coated with a layer of preservative. The entire skeleton on the ground to decay, leaving a thin hole.   "As the shape of marine organisms too large, want their soft tissue completely decomposed, buried only by natural means." Wangguan Chang, the "make a specimen, is very time consuming and very labor-thing to do from the catch into, not two or three years can not. skin specimens can be made ​​six months, while the skeletal needs of the job for three years. "   In addition to wait time, staff should prepare specimens studied anatomy, well aware of the structure of the whale. In order to collect complete with bones scattered in the ground, assembled them all in together.   In the "minke whale" of one side, there is a lifelike whale specimens, in addition to facial expressions and eyes solidification, the body fur is very complete. "This is a specimen of whale skin." Wangguan Zhang introduced. Some of the injured whales will always be a place, the staff will generally cut down into the wound, carefully so that the whole integrity of the skin down. When stripping the big action, usually starting from the abdomen.   Whole skin was separated from the whale, it will fill in the skin covered with arsenic in the cotton wool, or wood flour filled. Reporters from small specimens of whale skin side of the wound, exposing the wood flour can be clearly seen inside the mouth but also exposing a length of cotton wool. "In the past good specimens are filled with cotton wool, which is saturated with arsenic, is used to prevent insects, and ultimately prevent the erosion of specimens."   According to Wang Guanchang introduced, with the specimen advances in technology, materials used to fill the constantly updated. In addition to using wood flour and cotton wool padding, now filled in skin specimens of a "foam." "This foam is filling, with the mouth facing the specimen within the jet, the bubble will be inflated in 20 minutes after the rapid expansion of 20 times, making the specimen was filled full, fill up the whole skin becomes smooth and flat."   The skeleton specimens produced from the ground out of frame, you need to count eleven whale bones. Then the bones on the formalin soaked, the staff need to have a good grounding in anatomy, specimens of the species produced very familiar with the basic knowledge needed to master the mechanics, with a minimum of support, so long as sixty-seven m of complete whale skeleton present. Text / reporter Li Min Map / reporter Lee Jun Hui

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